Climate and weather very much influence the design and construction of building enclosure systems, especially roof systems and assemblies. While codes provide the minimum requirements for construction, few provisions focus on resilience. More extreme and destructive weather events are demonstrating that many of today’s building solutions might not be sufficiently resilient.

The compounding effects of climate change and a growing urban population make resilience and adaptability even more important and challenging. Improving long-term building performance and resiliency requires a fundamental approach to design that accounts for vulnerability, where the roof selection and design play an important role in how resilient buildings are designed, specified, and behave.